TABLE OF EGYPTIAN GODS AND GODDESSES
DISCUSSED IN THE MASSEIAN CORPUS

 

Massey's Rendering Standard Rendering Alternatives and Definitions
Aan ? Divine scribe
Abut or Abtu = Apap ? See Apap
Akerit ? Goddess of Akar
Ali ? Associate Gods with Ptah
Amemit Ammit, Āmmūt Devourer of the souls of the condemned in Amenta, female demon in form of crocodile, hippo and lion
Amen Amon, Amun The hidden god, bearded man with two-plumes headdress
Amen-Ra Amon-Ra, Amun-Ra  = Apollo, hidden sun, ram-headed, later connected with physical reproduction
Amsta ? Son, brother of Horus, god of the Four Quarters
Amsu-Horus ? Resurrecting god
Anhur Anhert Onouris (Greek), uplifter of sky, sky-god = Shu, or Shu-Anhur
Anpu Anup Anubis (Greek), jackal-god, the embalmer, guide, psychopompus, opener of ways
Apap Apep, Āapep Apophis (Greek), god of darkness, water reptile, snake, dragon, type of evil (as form of Sut), attacks the sun in its journey
Apt Apet, Opit Water-cow, Great Mother, hippopotamus, bearer (of the waters), identified with the Great Bear, identical in appearance with Ta-Urt
Aten Aten God, without human form, represented as solar disc
Atum Atum The One God = Tum, with solar disc, represents sun at night in Amenta, a creator god who gave birth to the other gods through an act of masturbation
Atum-Huhi ? Living Lord
Bahu ? God of Inundation
Bast Bastet Whence 'beast,' cat-headed goddess, cool, gentle opposite of Sekhet
Bes Bes Pygmy god, prototype of beast, or bearded dwarf, patron of childbirth
Hapi Hapy Son, brother of Horus, god of the Four Quarters, protector of lungs of the dead
Hapi Hapy God of the Nile, androgynous, issuer of water
Har-Makhu Heru-em-akhet God of both horizons, Horus of Double Equinox, solar god, a name of the Sphinx
Har-Ur ? First born Horus, child of Isis
Hathor Hat-hor Lit. Womb (hat) of Child (hor) or 'mansion of Horus,' mother of food, bringer of food, goddess of the Tree, carries solar disc, and a sky-goddess, nurse of Horus
Hekat Hekt, Heqet Hecate (Greek), frog-goddess, associated with the moon, change, transformation, bewitchment, magic (or more specifically illusions), associated with birth and creation, personifies the life force (or Ka), in its passive phase, consort of Khnum
Horus Har, Heru Horus (Greek), the son, the hero, a solar god opposed to the dark god of Sut, god of the North, falcon- or hawk-headed, used by Massey as either Child-Horus or Elder Horus and also loosely for a number of divinities or aspects of the same name, mainly the son of Osiris and his avenger, assumed by pharaohs as a title of the earthly king (pharaoh = p-har-aoh) as royal title
Huhi ? The eternal god, a title of Ptah, Atum, Osiris
Isis Ast Isis (Greek), goddess of Nature, of the seat, throne, fundament, womb, mother of Horus, sister and wife of Osiris, personifies birth and (re-)generation
Iu ? Son of Ptah
Iu-em-hetep Iu-em-hotep A type of Horus, as prince of peace
Iusāas ? Cow-headed goddess, mother of Iu, wife of Atum
Kabhsenuf Kabhsenuf Son, brother of Horus, god of the Four Quarters
Ks ? A god of the Tuat
Khebt ? Goddess of the Great Bear
Khemmu ? Associate gods of Ptah, his assistants as metallurgists
Kheper Khephra, Khepra The beetle-god, transformer, a type of Ptah, represents sun-god in the morning or the newborn sun
Kheru ? Child of Horus, Word (as in Ma-Kheru)
Khnum Khnemu The divine potter, fashions men and gods upon his wheel, husband of Hekat, ram-headed
Khunsu Khensu, Khonsu Expeller of spirits, god of the moon, portrayed as young man with sidelock of youth, son of Amen and Mut
Maat Maāt Goddess of truth, right, law, justice, typified by the balance, the measurer (whence our word maths), represents the equilibrium of the cosmos (as opposed to chaos without equilibrium) which all pharaohs hoped to achieve in their reign
Mati ? A title of Taht-Aan, recorder, scribe
Meri ? A name of Nut
Merti ? The divine sisters Isis and Nephthys (means the beloved)
Mut Mt The vulture-goddess, her name means mother, wife of Amen
Neb-er-ter ? Ptah or Osiris as Creator
Nebhetep Nebhotep Wife of Atum, a name of Iusāas, mother of Horus
Neith Neith Goddess of the Net, wet-nurse, type of Great Mother
Nephthys Nephthys One of the Divine Sisters, nurse, wife of Sut, connected with art and music
Nun Nn God personifying the watery mass of the beginning, prior to creation
Nunu ? Company of Gods or Powers
Nut Nt Mother of Heaven, cow of Heaven, giver of life, sky-goddess arched over the earth, wife of Seb, the Great Mother (of Osiris, Elder Horus, Sut, Isis, and Nephthys)
Osiris Asar, Ausar Osiris (Greek), god of Amenta, and resurrection, Lord of the Dead, judge in the underworld, as defeater of death in the hereafter all pharaohs (and the rest of the populace) aspire to the same goal, i.e. a spiritual resurrection, so Osiris embodies a formula for resurrection
Osiris-Sahu Osiris-Sahu Risen god of the resurrection
Pasht Pakhet Pasht (Greek), lion-goddess
Ptah Ptah = Vulcan (Roman) and Hephaestus (Greek), god of the underworld, tunneller, opener, creator god, divine artificer, patron of craftsmen
Ra Rā, Re Sun-god, identified with the sun in its fullness, creator god, maker of mankind
Rannut Renenutet A type of Great Mother, goddess of harvest, divine nurse
Rerit ? Sow-goddess, a type of Great Mother as suckler = Lilith
Sa Saa God, personifies Intelligence
Sahu Sahu God of resurrection, identified with Orion
Seb Geb, Keb, Seb Goose-god, father of food, soul of earth, husband of Nut
Sebau ? Or Sami, the demons of darkness, spawn of Apap
Sebek Sebek, Sobek, Sobk Suchos (Greek), crocodile-god, solar dragon, original of the seven-headed beast, son of Neith, lord of the waters
Sekhet Sakhmet, Sekhmet Lion-headed goddess of heat (of the sun in its destructive aspect), of the south, wife of Ptah, opposite of Bast, identified with strong drink, and like a flame-thrower she smites all the enemies of the Creator with her flames
Sekhet-Bast Sekhmet-Bast Goddess of sexual passion
Serkh Selket, Serqet Selchis (Greek), scorpion-goddess, goddess of the circle
Shu Sh God of force, uplifter of heaven, fire, heat, personifies the atmosphere, husband of Tefnut (= Air + Moisture = Life, the duad of the Two Truths), separating earth from heaven by lifting Nut above allowing the sun's passage and its light to be diffused
Sut Set, Seth, Sutekh Son of Typhon, god of the South, heat, opposite of Horus, the first god worshipped in Khem, as stellar deity identified with Sirius, outcast when fatherhood understood, murderer of Osiris, and later identified with thunder and tempest as a storm-god
Sut-Horus Sut-Horus Twin brothers, polar opposites
Sut-Typhon Sut-Typhon Primary pair of Great Mother (Apt) and Son (Sut)
Ta-Urt Tart Typhon or Thoueris (Greek), mother of Sut, the Great Mother who was first worshipped in the North, mother of revolutions, and gives her name to the Tarot, Thora, Torah, Rota, etc. Patroness of childbirth in the form of a crocodile and hippo beast with large pendant breasts and swollen belly symptomatic of pregnancy
Taht Tahuti, Tehuti Thoth (Greek), the divine scribe, messenger, moon-god, recorder in Hall of Justice, lord of wisdom and magic, the reckoner who divides time into periods, inventor of writing, transmitter of knowledge
Tait ? Cook-goddess for the dead in Amenta
Tanan Tanen, Tatenen Lit. 'the earth that rises,' the Earth-god, personifies the first land to rise above the watery mass, also later a form of Ptah
Tefnut Tefnt Goddess of the dew, moisture, humidity, consort of Shu
Tekhi ? Goddess of months, giver of liquid, dew-goddess
Tuamutef Duamutef, Tuamutef Son, brother of Horus, god of the Four Quarters, protects stomach of the dead
Tum Tem, Tum = Atum, sun-god in Amenta, creator of man, teacher, sayer, words of truth, setting sun
Typhon ? Mother of Sut, the first Great Mother, = Ta-Urt
Uati Uatchet, Uazet Uto (Greek), a title of Isis as mother of food, goddess of Lower Egypt